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Ecuador Coast


Costa EcuadorThe Ecuadorian Pacific coast and western lowlands locally known as "la costa" is formed by the following densely populated provinces, from north to south: Esmeraldas, Manabí, Los Ríos, Guayas and El Oro. The Coast covers about 70'000 km, less than one third of the surface of Ecuador, but 50 % of the population live in this region, mainly in and around the city of Guayaquil, the pulsing and modern major business and economic center and main port of Ecuador. The region’s climate varies from hot and arid on the Santa Elena peninsula to hot and humid in the alluvial plains and interiors between Esmeraldas and the gulf of Guayaquil. The average temperature is 24°C (18ºC to 30ºC); the climate is very much influenced by the ocean currents El Niño (warm) and Humboldt (cold).

On the coast, the dry season runs from about June to December. Temperatures drop to about 16ºC and it is often overcast with a damp mist (garua) settling in and the sun can disappear for three months at a time. A little way inland the garua breaks up and you can have bright sunshine. The pattern is roughly the same as in the Galapagos except the garua starts earlier on the mainland and finishes later.

January to June the temperatures warms up, days are bright and sunny with an occasional heavy rain. This is the best time of year along the beach. The El Niño current can heavily modify the coastal area weather, a strong current flowing in January from the Gulf of Panama making the air and water temperatures soar. The wind comes around the north and it rains. The El Niño in 1998 caused major problems as roads and bridges being destroyed and whole towns cut off for months. The heavy rains washed the Canoa forest into the ocean.

Guayaquil EcuadorGuayaquil is Ecuador’s largest city, principle port and the economic center of Ecuador. The city is3 located near the head of the Guayaquil Gulf on the Guayas River. Most of the nations import and export trade pass through the city's deepwater port. Major industries in Guayaquil include shrimp fishing, petroleum refining, food processing, machinery manufacturing, and the manufacturing of consumer goods.

Santa Elena peninsula near Salinas is known for its world-class yacht harbor and deep-sea fishing. In contrast the traditional fishermen can be seen sailing the same waters in balsa rafts, catching fish for the local population. There are several comfortable hotels to choose from and the long; twin crescent shaped beaches makes the area popular for national tourism.

Atacames beache, EcuadorEsmeraldas the Green Province, as it is called, is located on the country’s northwestern coast. Here, the temperature ranges from 21 to 25 degrees Celcius. Its main attraction are the beaches in the southern part of the province as well as the Cayapas-Mataje Ecological Reserve to the north. The city of Esmeraldas, the provinces capital, is one of Ecuador’s main ports and terminal for the nation's petroleum pipeline.

Each of the Galapagos Islands, one of the world's best diving spots, has its own character

◄ Ecuador

Ecuador sierra region 

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Galapagos Islands

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